Oficina FISK OAS MODEL

Publicado: 7 de novembro de 2009 por ruan25 em Notícias
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Patrocinador dos Fóruns 2009

Com a realização do I Fórum de Discussão Universitária e do I Fórum de Discussão Estudantil em 2009, o Grupo de Estudos em Organizações foi pioneiro na promoção de modelos de Organizações Internacionais em Marília. Ainda neste ano, como resultado de uma parceria bem sucedida, o GEO realizará também a primeira simulação em Inglês da cidade! Trata-se da oficina “FISK OAS MODEL”, na qual estudantes da Escola de Idiomas debaterão acerca do Aquecimento Global atuando como representantes dos países membros da Organização dos Estados Americanos.

  • Timetable:

Workshop – November 11th (Wednesday) – 7 pm

Simulation – November 20th (Friday) – 7 pm

  • Topic:

Global Warming: Pollution and Natural Phenomena

Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s near-surface air and oceans since the mid-20th century and its projected continuation. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that most of the observed temperature increase was caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases resulting from human activity such as industrial activity, burning and deforestation.

An increase in global temperature will cause sea levels to rise and will change the amount and pattern of precipitation, probably including expansion of subtropical deserts. The continuing retreat of glaciers, permafrost and sea ice is expected, with warming being strongest in the Arctic. Other likely effects include increases in the intensity of extreme weather events, species extinctions, and changes in agricultural yields.

The countries that contribute the most with global warming are the industrialized ones such as the United States, Canada, China and the European countries. If nothing is done, by 2100 many island countries can disappear and many others can turn into deserts. Potable water will become rare. That is why the United Nations called for a meeting in Copenhagen, Denmark to seal a deal on global warming and climate change. Before that the American countries, one of them represented by you, will try to get to an agreement at FISK OAS Model.

Represent a Country and Seal a Deal!

  • Countries policies:

Argentine Republic

Argentina is suing Uruguay on the International Court of Justice saying that an Uruguayan factory that is being constructed across the border will pollute the river that belongs to both countries. Due to global warming some glaciers in the country can disappear. President Cristina Kirchner demands a reduction of the greenhouse emissions of the rich countries.

Commonwealth of the Bahamas

According to the World Bank, with the sea level rises more than one meter, this Caribbean country will suffer the most. The best option for Small Island States like The Bahamas to not disappear is to pressure industrialized countries to reduce their level of greenhouse gas emissions so that small nations can live peacefully away from the harmful effects of global warming. From 1992 to 2005, major hurricanes such as Andrew, Floyd, Francis, Jeanne and Michelle have impacted The Bahamas due to the heating up of the oceans caused by global warming.

Plurinational State of Bolivia

Small glaciers are scattered across the Andes and have for long been a crucial source of fresh water in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru, thawing in summer months and replenishing themselves in winter. But global warming has driven them into retreat. Water is already scarce in El Alto, a sprawling lower-class satellite city north of the country’s administrative capital La Paz. Almost 1 million people live in El Alto and most homes lack running water. Bolivian President Evo Morales said that “Climate change is not a cause, rather an effect. It is a product of the capitalist system, which favors the obtaining of the maximum profit possible”. Morales proposes the creation of a International Environmental Court that would judge multinationals and countries that are responsible for pollution and global warming

Federative Republic of Brazil

More than 50% of the Amazon Rainforest is in Brazil. Since the Rio Summit at 1992 Brazil supports the idea that only rich countries should pay for the damages caused by global warming in order to save the planet. At a meeting with ministers on October 2009, President Lula da Silva says that Brazil will propose at Copenhagen a reduction of 40% of the Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions projected to 2020. 20% will come from the fall of deforestation of the Amazon Forest that will be cut at 80% by 2020.

Canada

Canadian emissions has risen 21.3% from 1990 to 2007. Canada compromised to reduce it to a rate of 6%. That is why it is one of the industrialized countries that are gone be pressured by the developing countries such as Brazil and Venezuela. But Prime Minister Stephen Harper prefers pragmatism when it comes to the environment and is not likely to agree to climate-change measures that could put the country at an economic disadvantage. Therefore, Canada supports the United States idea to postpone discussions on global warming to a later treaty.

Republic of Colombia

Colombia has more than 50% of its territory on jungle areas. The country produces 1 million liters of sugarcane alcohol per day. President Alvaro Uribe guarantees that the biofuel produced on Colombia does not represent a danger to food security and demands more efforts by the industrialized countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

Republic of Haiti

Environmental destruction has made Haiti the poorest country in the western hemisphere: 99 per cent of Haiti’s tree cover has been felled and two-thirds of its farmland has been destroyed, while its population has quadrupled. At the same time, the country’s once abundant water supplies have dried up, as rainwater races off the land with no trees to help it seep into the ground. The country’s president Rene Preval demands more help from the developed countries to help Haiti with problems that they will face in the future.

United Mexican States (Mexico)

Mexico is both one of the countries most vulnerable to global warming and one rich in renewable energy resources. Mexican President Felipe Calderon has chosen to make the fight to reduce carbon emissions a hallmark of his presidency, at least rhetorically. He wants Mexicans to commit to cutting their own emissions in half by 2050. He has urged the setting up of a global “Green Fund,” which would receive contributions from all but the poorest countries in the world to finance environmentally friendly projects.

The United States of America

The United States emitted 16.3% more greenhouse gas in 2005 than it did in 1990. The US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said that “the United States will be energetic, focused, strategic and serious about addressing global climate change and the corollary issue of clean energy” Nevertheless, Obama administration has serious problems on the US Congress to pass a bill to reduce the greenhouse emissions. Therefore, the delegation of the United States will propose to postpone an agreement on Copenhagen till the time they have an agreement on the Congress.

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Chavez has argued that powerful nations are responsible for causing global warming.  What is more, he has publicly regretted pollution resulting from traditional sources of energy.  He has called on developed nations to look more favorably on alternative energy such as gas, hydro and solar power.  To its credit, Venezuela has ratified the Kyoto Protocol reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Venezuela emits only 0.48% of the world’s greenhouse gases.  According to government officials, the country is in fourth place in Latin America regarding greenhouse emissions after Brazil, Mexico and Argentina.  Nevertheless, Venezuela exports 1 million barrels of oil per day to its northern neighbor and thus contributes to global warming.

Confira o arquivo com algumas expressões importantes para a simulação em Inglês – Baixe Aqui

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